SCADA System – Components, Hardware & Software Architecture, Types

SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems are used in monitoring and control of industrial equipment in various stages such as development, manufacturing, production and fabrication. This post will discuss SCADA system, basic components (in detail), hardware & software architecture, ...

Different Types of Proactive Approach for Obsolescence Management

There are various types of Proactive Approach to mitigate obsolescence. The selection of suitable approach must be based on the likely obsolescence. In our previous post we discussed about types of Obsolescence mitigation approach i.e Reactive and Proactive Approach in ...

Programmable Logic Controller

A Programmable Logic Controller can be defined in many ways. It can be defined as a program controlled electronic equipment with a reprogrammable memory for storing a set of commands which is used for ...

Null Modem cable

Null Modem Cable. A null modem cable is a form of RS-232 standard where the transmit and receive lines are cross linked. Normally a straight through serial cable is used with this kind of adapter. ...

DB 9 Loopback

The RS232 connector was initially developed to use 25 pins. In this DB25 connector pin configuration, provisions were provided for a secondary serial RS232 communication channel. However, practically only one serial communication channel with handshaking is present. There ...