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CD – History, Characteristics, Types, Youtube CD Downloader

Compact discs (CDs) are molded plastic discs that hold digital data and are scanned using a laser beam to reproduce recorded sound and other information. The audio Compact Disk has nearly totally replaced the phonograph disc since its initial launch in 1982. Audio, video, games, papers, and other sorts of data can all be stored on CDs. In this article we will discuss History of Compact Disc, its Characteristics, Types, Advantages, Disadvantages, Youtube CD Downloader and how to clean it.

Compact Disc
Compact Disc

To be able to read the data, a laser beam is used to scan the data with a Compact Disk driver. A label on the opposite side of the disc helps to identify what’s on it. Its storage capacity is only 700 MB.

History of Compact Disc (CD)

The Compact Disk was first conceived in 1960 by James Russell, an American physicist. He was listening to music one day and saw that the audio quality was bad, so he attempted to fix the record player. But then he understood that the poor quality of the music was due to the needle’s interaction with the recorder, not the recorder itself.

History of CD
History of Compact Disk

Further, he reasoned that he might avoid this by reading the music with a light rather than physically touching the disc. Later, he turned his attention to digital data and discovered a means to record media onto a photosensitive platter with 1-micron-wide “bits” of light and dark. This is how CDs are introduced.

Characteristics of Compact Disc

  • The standard diameter and thickness of a Compact Disk are 120mm and 1.2mm, respectively.
  • The main body of the CD is made of polycarbonate, a tough plastic with a metallic finish. This layer is covered with metallic acrylic plastic. The metal in question is aluminum.
  • The data is stored in this layer, which is read and written using laser light that reflects off the coated layer. The data is read in the form of pits(depressions), each measuring 0.83 micrometers in diameter, and the data is organized on a spiral track from the disc’s inner hole to its outer edge because the Compact Disk is circular. The hole is located in the center of the CD, which has a 15mm diameter.
  • The clamping area is the area nearest to the hole; there is no data stored in this area because there is no metallic layer. This area is roughly equivalent to a radius of 26 mm to 33 mm.
  • The useable area, or the area where data can be stored, has a radius of 38mm.

What is the Maximum Amount of Data a CD can hold?

A typical Compact Disk may carry 72 minutes of music or 650 megabytes of data. Altogether, 700 MB of data may be stored on an 80-minute Compact Disk. The disc you’re burning is a data disc, not an audio disc if you’re burning MP3 music audio files to it. In other words, a CD containing MP3 files may hold a lot more music than 80 minutes.

Types of Compact Disc (CD)

Compact Discs can be categorized as below:

  • CDR
  • CD+R
  • CDRW
  • MiniCD
  • AudioCD



CD-ROM stands for read-only memory. This sort of Compact Disk is designed to store music or data that a manufacturer adds before selling it. It can be read or played back on almost any CD player, as well as on most computers with Compact Disk drives.650 MB of data can be stored in this media. This sort of CD cannot be used to record music or data files because it is not erasable or replaceable.

Steps to Read a CD-ROM:

  1. A single-track goes in a spiral pattern from the disc’s center to the edge.
  2. The track is made up of lands and pits to represent binary data.
  3. Lands reflect in a different way than posts, indicating that it can tell the difference between a 0 and a 1.
  4. A photodiode sensor captures the reflection of a low-powered laser aimed at a metallic surface.
  5. A spinning disc and lasers accompany the track.
  6. The binary data from a CD-ROM has been merged.



The “R” in CD-R denotes that it is a recordable disc. Only one copy of data or music can be recorded on a CD-R. Although certain CD-Rs can contain up to 80 minutes of music, the average amount of music storage available is 74 minutes. CD-R can be used to store a wide range of digital data in the same manner as a floppy disc might. The data is not permanently incorporated in the disc until it is burned in by a CD burner, which is found in most PCs.


A CD+R disc will not operate with a CD-R disc, although the “R” in CD+R stands for recordable. The +R format was developed by a group of companies to increase the amount of storage accessible on compact discs. The double-layer technology of a CD+R allows for roughly double the storage size of a standard CD-R.



The CDRW can be used just like a standard CDR, but it can also be erased and used again. A Compact Disk burner will utilize its highest laser power to melt the recording layer to record data onto a Compact Disk. With its medium laser strength, the CDRW burner melts the data layer, allowing new data to be burned to the disc. A Compact Disk player reads a CD using the least amount of laser power possible while leaving the recorded layer intact.



The Mini Compact Disk is about three inches wide and can hold up to 24 minutes of music or 210 megabytes of data. Also, almost every Compact Disk player can play mini CDs. The Center of the depression where a conventional CD fits may contain a Mini CD. The microformat is most typically used for single song recordings, although it can also be used for advertising by companies.

Audio Compact Disk

Audio CD
Audio Compact Discs

The official name for this format is Compact Disc Digital Audio (CDDA). There is a 5KB allotted region on standard Audio Compact Disks where Additional text information such as the album title, song title, and vocalist is available .

In addition to that, music Compact Disks can also store graphic data. However, showing it requires an extra Compact Disk cum graphics player. The words are largely stored in graphical representation and exhibited when the song plays. There is also a provision to link players to a television or a computer monitor for it.

How to Clean Compact Discs (CDs)?

Clean Compact Discs
Clean Compact Discs

Dirty Compact Disks can produce read problems or stop working altogether. Clean CDs, DVDs, and other discs with a cleaning kit or a damp clean cotton cloth. While cleaning a disc, wipe it against the tracks, starting in the middle and working outwards. Also, never wipe the disc with the tracks; this can cause extra scratches.

 Advantages of Compact Disk 

  • It is inexpensive.
  • It is simple to carry out and transportable.
  • It burns data into the disc with a laser, thus there is no noise in the data.
  • You can save a full software program on a single Compact Disk at the time, hence making it incredibly trustworthy for the software industry.
  • They were the only storage mediums available at the time, with storage capacities of up to 700 MB.
  • You can access the data on a CD easily at any time.
  • They have a lengthy shelf life.
  • Download music from Youtube using downloader and store in Compact Disk.


  • Scratches can come very easily on it.
  • There is a decline in the uses of Compact Discs as their storage capacity is less than that of a hard drive or a DVD.
  • Reading and writing move at a slower pace.
  • Burning CDs necessitates the use of software, therefore it is not as straightforward as burning a hard drive or a flash drive.

Youtube CD Downloader

Burning Compact Disk from Youtube using Youtube CD Downloader is very easy. Follow below instruction to do it:

  • Go to Youtube CD Downloader.
  • Download music from Youtube of your choice using Youtube CD Downloader.
  • Burn the Compact Disk using Windows Media player.


Audio and video content is now easily available as downloads over the internet, thanks to the development of broadband internet and OTT platform. In addition to that, you can also get the application and licensing components from the internet. Youtube CD Downloader also helps you in getting your Albums on CD. Although, Compact Disk sales have fallen in recent years, they are still very much alive and flourishing.

Read Also:
MP4 Player – Uses, Difference from MP3, List of Best MP4 Player
Facetime – Working, Features, How to use Android With Facetime
Chakrasthitha is a B.E (Medical Electronics) and has work experience in MatLab and Lab View Software as Design Engineer at BCS innovations and Manipal hospital as Biomedical Engineer. She is an author, editor and partner at Electricalfundablog.


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