Saturday, June 10, 2023
HomeDigital TechnologyPen Drive Flash Drive - Architecture I How to Repair I Recover...

Pen Drive Flash Drive – Architecture I How to Repair I Recover Data

Pen drive is a portable storage device which is used to store the data which is also known as a USB Flash Drive. In addition to that, a pen drive is micro, light weight and handy which is easy to carry from place to place by students, professionals, academicians. They have replaced the old floppy drives and become most popular data storage devices among the users. In this article we will discuss Pen Drive (Flash Drive), its architecture, How to repair it, how to recover data from it and its advantages as well as disadvantages.

Definition of Pen Drive (Flash Drive)

A pen drive, also known as a USB flash drive or a thumb drive, is a small and portable storage device that is commonly used for storing and transferring digital files such as documents, photos, music, and videos. Unlike other storage devices, pen drives are connected to computers and other devices through a USB port and do not require any external power source. They come in different storage capacities, ranging from a few megabytes to several gigabytes or even terabytes.

Pendrive Introduction
Pen drive

Due to their small size, durability, and high storage capacity, pen drives have become a popular alternative to other storage devices such as CDs, DVDs, and external hard drives. They are commonly used for backing up important data, sharing files between devices, and storing personal data for convenient access on the go.

Storage Capacity of Pen Drive

The storage capacity of a pen drive can vary widely depending on the manufacturer and model. While some of them have a storage capacity of just a few megabytes, others can store several terabytes of data. The most commonly available pen drives on the market today typically offer storage capacities ranging from 4GB to 256GB, although there are models available with larger capacities.

Storage Capacities of Pen Drive
Storage Capacity of Flash Drive

The storage capacity of a pen drive is an important consideration, as it determines how much data the drive can hold. A Flash drive with a larger storage capacity can store more digital files such as documents, photos, music, and videos.

When selecting a Flash drive, it’s important to consider your storage needs and choose a capacity that is suitable for your intended use. It’s also important to bear in mind that the price of a pen drive typically increases with its storage capacity, so it’s important to balance your storage requirements with your budget.

How Data is Transferred in a Pen Drive?

Transferring Files work
Transferring Files work

Transferring data to a Flash drive is a straightforward process that involves using a USB port on a computer or other device. Here are the steps you can follow to transfer data to a pen drive:

    1. Insert the Flash drive into an available USB port on your computer.
    2. The computer should automatically detect the pen drive and install any necessary drivers or software.
    3. Open the file explorer or file manager on your computer.
    4. Locate the files or folders that you want to transfer to the pen drive.
    5. To transfer the files, you can either drag and drop them onto the pen drive icon in the file explorer or file manager window, or you can right-click on the files and select “Copy”, then right-click on the pen drive icon and select “Paste”.
    6. Wait for the transfer process to complete. This may take a few minutes depending on the size and number of files being transferred.
    7. Once the transfer is complete, it’s important to safely eject the pen drive from the USB port. This can usually be done by right-clicking on the pen drive icon and selecting “Eject” or “Safely remove”.

It’s essential to note that you should not remove the pen drive from the USB port until the transfer process is complete, and you have safely ejected it from the computer. Failure to do so can result in data loss or damage to the pen drive.

Basic Uses of Pen Drive (Flash Drive)

There are many handy uses of Pen Drives such as:

As Backup Storage

 Backup Storage
Backup Storage

Presently, pen drive comes with password encoded features, medical records and photos of any family functions can be backed up on them.

For Data Transportation

Data Transfer
Data Transfer

Users can easily transport the large files and lectures in a pen drive and they can get access to them anywhere. Individual personal computer technicians can store their utility tools, programs, files on a pen drive which has the high speed and can move from site to site.

Tool for Promotion

Customized Pen Drives
Customized Pen Drives

To encourage sales literature and other marketing-communication contents, many companies and businesses started using pen drive as an effective tool. These pen drives adorned with corporate brandings and visual imagery can be spread throughout the exhibitions, tradeshows and other conferences and events.

Architecture (Internal Structure) of Pen Drive

The pen drive consists a small printed circuit board in a plastic or a metal body. Moreover, these flash drives use a technology called EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) to read and write. Erasing data is highly long-lasting storage stage.

One of the great advantages of this device is they are rewritable and removeable. Pen drives are supported by modern operating systems like – Windows, Mac OS X, linux etc. Flash drive is inexpensive and a simple way of transferring the data from a personal computer and accessing the transferred data on another personal computer.

The architecture of a pen drive involves a combination of hardware and software components that allow it to function as a portable storage device. At its core, a pen drive contains a flash memory chip that stores the digital data. The flash memory is connected to a USB controller chip, which manages the transfer of data between the pen drive and the computer.

Architecture of Pen Drive
Architecture of Pen Drive

The controller chip is also responsible for managing the power supply to the pen drive. In addition to these core components, the Flash drive may also include a microcontroller that provides additional functionality, such as encryption or compression of data. The software that enables the flash drive to function as a storage device is typically stored in firmware that is embedded in the controller chip.

The architecture of a pen drive has evolved over time, with newer models incorporating faster and more efficient components to provide faster data transfer speeds and greater storage capacity.

Some Popular Manufacturers of Pen Drives:

  • Transcend
  • Kingston
  • SanDisk
  • I-Ball
  • HP

Advantages and Disadvantages of USB Flash Drives:

Pen drives are ruling the IT world due to its special and brilliant features. Moreover, these USB drives have replaced the normal devices which were used for the data storage.

Advantages Disadvantages
Pen drive has huge data capacity from 64 MB to 128 GB. Since the sizes of the Flash drives and USB flash drives are small, they can be easily misplaced.
They are made of compact design and due to which they are portable. The computers can get infected and viruses may spread if not taken any proper precautionary measures like getting a good antivirus.
They are used as bootable medium. Unlike hard disk, they cannot store large amount of data.
Data transferring speed is high when compared to other computer devices.  
 Flash drives are also called as secondary storage devices.  
They can store the data with permanent memory.  
Pen drives and USB flash drives has different sizes and they are easy to carry as they are portable.  
They are not damaged due to scratches unlike CD’s and DVD’s.  


Recover Data From Pen Drive

Data Recovery
Data Recovery

There are some unfortunate times when the user might lose the data or the information on the pen drive. If the information is improperly scheduled then there are chances to lose the data. The user may want to go ahead and want to find a solution in order to recover the lost information.

Since the technology has been developed, the lost data can be recovered very easily. Accordingly, with the use of different recovery software, the user can get the lost data easily. Disk Drill is one such tool which recovers the data and supports with data protection also.

Disc Drill
Disc Drill Tool for Data Recovery and Repair

Below are some of the tips to Recover Data from Pen drive:

Step 1: Download and Install the Software

This is the first thing that any user should do to Recover Data from Pen drive. He/She can use the basic version which is available for free. Further, they just need to visit their website and download it and later the user should install the software and launch it.

Step 2: Connect the Pen Drive

The user should handle it carefully. He/She should plug in this directly into the USB port. In addition to that, while plugging in the user should not use any hubs or cables as these could damage the performance of the tool.

Step 3: Perform the Scanning

After the first two steps are done, then the next step would be to perform a scan to recover Data from Pen drive. Accordingly, the user can choose between a quick scan and a deep one. The quick scan is used to recover the files which was lost very recently and they do not collect huge amount of information.

However, if a user wants the to recover more than a few gigabytes, then it is better to go with the deep scan and advisable also in order no data is missed and nothing is lost. Further to proceed, the user can take the advantage of data protection tools that is available at disk drill which makes the recovery process very smooth.

 Step 4: Recover

Above all, this is the last step that the user should have taken into account. First thing that the user should check after the scan is to get the list with the files that are offered. The user needs to go through the list and see which ones are needed to recover. Maybe some of the files would have been destroyed or corrupted which means they cannot be recovered by disk drill.

Once the check list is gone through thoroughly, the user just has to click on recover button on the side. Its set and done. Undoubtedly, being able to recover the lost data or information can be struggle at times. However, Disk drill has the capability of extending its support.

How to Reuse Pen Drives that are Not Working

When your pen drive stops working, it can be frustrating, especially if you have important data stored on it. However, there are several things you can do to try and reuse the pen drive before giving up on it. Here are the simple steps to try through which you might be able to save your Flash drive and reuse it again:

    1. Firstly, check the USB port you are using as it might not be functioning correctly. Also, try plugging your Flash drive into a different port.
    2. Also, check that your Flash drive is securely connected to the port, as it may have become loose over time.
    3. If the problem persists, check the Device Manager on your computer to see if there are any driver issues. You can uninstall and reinstall the drivers to try and fix the issue.
    4. If the pen drive is recognized by your computer but still not working, consider formatting it. It will erase all the data on it.
    5. Finally, you can use third-party software programs like USB Drive Doctor or HP USB Disk Storage Format Tool. They may be able to diagnose and repair the Flash drive.


USB is considered as one of the best tools to communicate with the computer system. However, pen drive or the USB flash drive is used a data storage device. It is also know as thump drive, jump drive, memory stick, key drive, USB etc. Later in the year 2013, it was known that the Flash drive with the storage capacity of 1TB is available. Even though the pen drives have many disadvantages, their advantages make them to use on a rapid force with the development of technology.

Read Also:
Computer Generation I Evolution I Images I Characteristics
Solid State Drive (SSD) – How it Works, Types, Application, SSD Vs HDD
Chakrasthitha is a B.E (Medical Electronics) and has work experience in MatLab and Lab View Software as Design Engineer at BCS innovations and Manipal hospital as Biomedical Engineer. She is an author, editor and partner at Electricalfundablog.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisment -

Most Popular


Recent Comments

Your SEO optimized title page contents